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   2016| July-December  | Volume 2 | Issue 2  
    Online since March 15, 2017

 
 
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REVIEW ARTICLES
What is a glide path?
Sachin Passi, Nisha Kaler, Nandini Passi
July-December 2016, 2(2):32-37
DOI:10.4103/2454-3160.202220  
Three-dimensional cleaning, shaping, and obturation of root canal system can be considered as foundations for a predictable endodontic success. One guiding strategy that has emerged as a critical part of endodontic success is the creation and maintenance of a glide path. Without it, cleaning and shaping become unpredictable because there is no guide for endodontic mechanics. Thus, a smooth glide path is the secret to safe and successful rotary shaping. However, this subject of glide path has no formal training in the endodontic curricula in most of the dental schools worldwide. The purpose of this review article is to serve as a reference guide for endodontic glide path preparation. Knowing what to do is only half of the job, implementing different skills in day-to-day clinical practice will accomplish the job fully, ensuring successful endodontic treatment outcomes.
  6,065 26 -
CASE REPORTS
Dual impression technique for fabrication of maxillary complete immediate denture
Ashish Kumar Srivastava, Ujjal Chaterjee, Madhu Ranjan, Arunoday Singh
July-December 2016, 2(2):42-45
DOI:10.4103/2454-3160.202218  
Conventional complete denture apart from all its merits has the prominent disadvantage of leaving the patient for a brief period of edentulous state till definitive prosthesis can be fabricated. Therefore, the concept of immediate denture is to preserve the jaw relation, keep the patient habituated to the complete denture and in the process preserve the esthetic concern of the patient. In the process, the psychological well-being of the patient is preserved as the patient is not without teeth for any prolonged period. The challenge in this technique is to record the edentulous and dentulous portion of the arch in conjecture with each other so that the final impression is closest to the intraoral situation, enabling us to provide the best results in short-and long-term of complete denture fabrication.
  5,620 18 -
Single canal in a single-rooted mandibular second molar: An enigma
Sonu Acharya
July-December 2016, 2(2):50-52
DOI:10.4103/2454-3160.202221  
The case report here tries to describe the variation of root canal anatomy in a second mandibular molar, which is rare in occurrence in literature. This case report presents a relatively rare case of mandibular second molar with single root and a single root canal in a 45-year-old female patient who had come to dental clinic with a complain of pain in the left lower tooth region. Ambiguity in the canal morphology of the second molar is quite common. Knowledge of variations in internal anatomy of teeth is important for success in endodontic treatment. Root canal morphology is limitless in its variability and clinicians must be aware that anatomic variations constitute a formidable challenge to endodontic success. Hence, clinicians have to take utmost care when these cases with single canal and single root come to clinic.
  2,720 15 -
REVIEW ARTICLES
Cranberry polyphenols: Beneficial effects for prevention of periodontal disease and dental caries
Sanjeet Gill, Amandeep Kaur, Daljit Kapoor, Jyotsna Goyal, Himanshu Duhan
July-December 2016, 2(2):38-41
DOI:10.4103/2454-3160.202222  
Oral diseases are the major health problems with dental caries and periodontal disease among the most important preventable global infectious disease. More than 700 bacterial species or phenotypes, of which 50% have not been cultivated, have been detected in the oral cavity. Dental biofilm is associated with the initiation and progression of tooth decay and periodontal diseases. The conventional medical response to bacterial infections, administration of broad-spectrum antibiotics, has become less effective against emerging pathogens due to the evolution of drug resistance stemming in part from the antibiotic abuse. Therefore, there is a need to develop novel, narrow spectrum, therapeutics capable of maintaining the protective benefits of the normal microflora during treatment. Hence, the search for alternative products continues and natural phytochemicals isolated from plants used as traditional medicines are considered as good alternatives. In this review, cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon) is the native North American fruit that has recently come into limelight owing to its numerous beneficial effects on dental caries, and periodontal health has been reviewed.
  1,959 17 -
CASE REPORTS
A complete denture with pharyngeal bulb in an edentulous patient with cleft palate
Sakshi Malhotra Kaura, Anuj Wangoo, Mandeep Kaur, Chirag Gupta
July-December 2016, 2(2):57-59
DOI:10.4103/sidj.sidj_18_16  
A cleft palate whether congenital or acquired is present when an oro-nasal communication exists between palate and nose. Selected cleft patients with gross deficiencies of palatal tissues are best treated prosthodontically, without surgical intervention. This article presents a case report of an edentulous patient with palatal insufficiency successfully rehabilitated with a complete denture along with pharyngeal bulb.
  1,736 15 -
Use of nonrigid connector in managing stresses to the pier abutment
Atulya Sharma, HS Shashidhara, Puneet Sharma
July-December 2016, 2(2):46-49
DOI:10.4103/2454-3160.202219  
The use of a nonrigid connector (NRC) in a fixed partial denture having pier abutment increases the life of the prosthesis. Rigid connectors though most commonly used, result in early failure of the prosthesis such as debonding as well as put adverse effects on the abutments when used in the case of pier abutment. When prosthesis comes in function, the pier abutment acts as fulcrum, and high-stress concentration may occur at pier abutment ensuing in excessive displacement at terminal abutments. This case report presents rehabilitation of missing first premolar and first molar using NRC at the second premolar (pier abutment).
  1,610 15 -
Surgical management of recurrent oral submucous fibrosis (a collagen metabolic disorder due to the continuation of habitual factor) by split thickness skin graft from thigh: A clinical challenge
Karthik Shunmugavelu, Kumaravel Subramaniam
July-December 2016, 2(2):53-56
DOI:10.4103/2454-3160.202223  
Usage of betel quid with areca nut is commonly seen in South Asian population. Most important premalignant condition, oral submucous fibrosis, arises due to this habit. The pathognomonic feature is characterized by higher intensity of submucosal collagen, inflammatory process, and palpable fibrotic bands intraorally, restricting the mouth opening. Management of this condition is of either medical or surgical means. Various grafts in surgical method are palatal island flaps, temporalis muscle flap graft, split-thickness skin graft, buccal fat pad graft, bilateral nasolabial flap, and tongue flap. Most serious complication of oral submucous fibrosis is oral carcinoma. Common site of involvement is of buccal mucosa which sometimes might extend up to pharynx. In our case report, we present a 35-year-old male with oral submucous fibrosis, previously treated by buccal fat pad and coronoidectomy, which recurred due to habits, currently managed by split-thickness graft from thigh. Postoperative outcome was good.
  1,433 16 -
EDITORIAL
Medical massage therapy: India's new manual therapy intervention for temporomandibular disorder and neck pain
Randeep Singh Mann
July-December 2016, 2(2):31-31
DOI:10.4103/sidj.sidj_2_17  
  1,369 17 -